While the World Harmony Project was incorporated
in 1992, it's musical roots go back several decades before. The
following entries give credit to some of the people who have been
World Harmony Project's Exotic Music Ensemble
Back row: Joshua Lederman, Buddy Young, Buzz
Kimball, Denny Genovese, Wade Hines, Keton. Bob Nuefeld. Front: Karen
Boon von Ochssee, Dawn Delo
This group fulfilled WHP's first mission: to
discover the musical properties of the Natural Harmonic Series as a
scale, compose and perform music based on these discoveries and to
record it for posterity. Elements of this scale formed the roots of the
music of many of the worlds cultures, so the stylistic theme of the ensemble was the
musical traditions from around the world. EME took this a step
further however, by composing new music, based on an expanded version
of the scale, in the spirit of unifying the roots of the various
nations in a planetary cultural effort. EME was a pioneer effort in
the cause of World Music.
the Exotic Music Ensemble page
Harry Partch was
the musical pioneer who returned Just Intonation to Western music
after 3 centuries of forgetfulness. In the process, he introduced
Western Music to three additional pitch classes, based on the addition
of the seventh, ninth and eleventh harmonics to the tonal pallet. This
made possible the expansion of the triad (harmonics 4, 5 and 6) as a
basic harmonic unit to the hexad (Harmonics 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 11)
providing 6 tonal pivot points in each chord.
Partch also implemented the mathematical
inversion of the Harmonic Series (Subharmonic Series) in his music and
the resulting network of scales formed a 6x6 matrix of tonalities.
Arranged in sequence by frequency, the pitches of the matrix, along
with those of related secondary tonalities form a 43 tone scale that
increases the melodic and harmonic resources of Tonality many
To implement his music, Partch built an orchestra of
especially designed to play his expanded musical scale, and used odd
numbered rhythmic meters and polyrhythms as well. Much of his music
was vocal and presented in a theatrical context, portraying mythical
Harry Partch with Peter Coraggio - 1971
Peter Coraggio, was a pioneer of Electronic Music in the 1960's and 1970's.
A student of Vladimir Ussachevsky at the Colombia/Princeton Electronic Music Studio,
he brought Electronic Music to Hawaii in 1971 when he began his career
as professor of music at the University of Hawaii. In that same year, he brought
Harry Partch to Honolulu for a series of lectures and performances.
Subsequently, one of Peter's students, Denny Genovese learned
of the Harmonic Series and Just Intonation.
The instrument they are playing in this
photo is the ARP 2500 modular
analog synthesizer. This Instrument formed the core of the Analog
studio of the Hawaii Electronic Music Group and later the Southeast Just Intonation Center.
Some of it's components continue today in the
played by Denny Genovese.
Ivor Darreg was
a prolific and visionary Writer, Composer, Music Theorist, Instrument
Designer and Networker whose tireless efforts helped to develop the
theory and practice of Microtonal Music, including Just Intonation and
the Harmonic Series, in the 20th century. He was a mentor to Denny
Genovese, as well as a number of others, and an
early supporter of World Harmony Project.
Ivor Darreg's page
Denny Genovese and Robert
Moog at Moog's
laboratory in Asheville, NC in 2001
Robert Moog was a leading pioneer in Electronic
Music technology. Here, he and Denny pose with his solid state
Erv Wilson and Denny Genovese - 2001
Erv Wilson is the great guru of microtonal music
theory in the United States. This picture was taken at his home in Los
Angeles in 2001.
Joe Monzo, Denny Genovese and Jonathan Glasier
Jonathan Glasier grew
up in San Diego with Harry Partch as a frequent house guest. His
father, John Glasier senior, was a great cellist and violist, who
could improvise in many different microtonal scale systems, and was
one of Partch's most constant friends and supporters. Jonathan was a
member of Partch's ensemble, and personally cared for the composer in
his last years of failing health.
In addition to his life long career as a
microtonal musician and instrument builder, Jonathan self published
the historic magazine, Interval -
a microtonal newsletter throughout the late 1970's and most of
the 1980's. As a child, he developed a form of Harmonic Singing
and taught this method to Harry Partch, Jonathan Goldman and others.
He is the co-proprietor with his wife Elizabeth, of the Sonic Arts
Gallery in San Diego.
Joe Monzo is
a composer, musician, author, computer programmer and teacher
specializing in Just Intonation. His method of organizing tonal
materials into multi dimensional lattice configurations provides clear
pathways for tonal explorations.
Denny Genovese with Dr. Easley Blackwood -
Dr. Easley Blackwood, of the University of
Chicago is an
important author, composer, performer and teacher of microtonal music . In 1985, he released an album of
12 compositions, one in each of the equal temperaments between 13 and
24 pitches per duple (octave). Each composition was a masterpiece that
clearly exemplified the properties of the scale it was created with.
For this reason, he is best known as a proponent of equal tempered
scales. However, he was an important theorist of just Intonation as
well. Denny Genovese interviewed him that summer for an article about the
album which appeared in Interval
Magazine, and returned many times after that for tutorials in Just
Easley Blackwood with the Motorola Scalatron
The Motorola Scalatron was an early
polyphonic synthesizer that was capable of being tuned in any
configuration of up to 31 pitches per duple (octave). Tunings were
stored in memory banks that the player could quickly switch between
with radio style buttons.
Dean Drummond and Denny Genovese - NJ 2001
Dean Drummond was
a member of the Harry Partch Ensemble, is the heir of Harry Partch's
instruments, following their era with Danlee
Mitchell, and is the
founder of the Partch Studies department at Montclair University in
Denny Genovese, Barbara Hero and Robert
Faulkrod at the SEJIC studio - Gainesville, FL 1997
Barbara Hero is
a scientist, author, lecturer and music therapist who has done extensive
research on the applications of the Pythagorean Lambdoma (the frequency matrix
that forms the basis of Harry Partch's Tonality Diamond), in various bands of the
Faulkrod is a poet and
electrical engineer, who built a keyboard to play the Lambdoma scale
and simultaneously project the combinational waveforms in a laser
light show. When they produced a limited number of these keyboards for
sale, Denny Genovese designed and facilitated a collaboration with
British programmer, Robert
Walker to create a component of his MIDI program, Fractal
Tune Smithy that
allows musicians to play Lambdoma music with their PC computers.
Barbara Hero, Dick Lord, Robert Faulkrod,
Linda Joy Lewis
Wells, Maine 2002
Dick Lord created
an alternate operating system for the Ensoniq Mirage, a historic
sampling synthesizer, in the 1980's. This operating system facilitated
the use of microtonal scales, including Just Intonation. Linda
Joy Lewis, a gourmet
vegan chef, served as Hospitality Coordinator and has been a board member and
devoted supporter of
World Harmony Project from it's inception in 1992.
Mark Rankin produced
interchangeable fret board kits for guitars, and other stringed
instruments for many years.
Craig Grady plays
music in Just Intonation on instruments of his own design in Los
Angeles. He is closely associated with Erv
Wilson. Photo taken at his studio in Los Angeles, 2001.
Denny Genovese and Warren Burt - San Diego
Warren Burt is
an Australian composer, performer and author of world renown. He has
been involved with Microtonal music and Just Intonation since the
Denny Genovese with John Starret - Denver 1998
John Starret is
a professor of Mathematics at the University of New Mexico. He is a
Microtonal composer, musician and instrument builder who has been very
active in networking microtonal musicians on the web. He, with
drummer, Ernie Crews played in the Neil
Haverstick Microtonal Band when
he lived in Denver. He is the
inventor of the Starrboard,
a stringed instrument that was adapted by Denny Genovese to play in
the two dimensional Lambdoma Matrix scale.
Norman Henry built a harpsichord with a special keyboard that
allowed it to be played in Partch's 11 Limit Tonality diamond scale in
the early 1980's. He has ever since, been occupied with building an 11
limit piano with a similar matrix keyboard.
Carl Lumma built this Kosmolyre during his residency at
the SEJIC in the
1990's. Carl later developed many advanced microtonal concepts and
served as moderator for the Microtonal Tuning List.
Seth Bloombaum played
analog synthesizer in the 1970's and is currently playing in a Turkish
and Balkan Music Ensemble. Here, he joined Denny Genovese on his
weekly Radio show on KTUH-FM, which was Hawaii's first New Music radio
show, featuring music by Harry Partch, Henry Cowell and other early
microtonalists, as well as Classic Electronic Music from Mills
College, Colombia/Princeton and other studios.
Don Slepian and Skip LaPlante - NYC 1980
Don Slepian was
a pioneer of Electronic Music since the 1960's. He participated in the
development of Digital Music Synthesis at Bell Telephone Laboratories
in the 1970's and 80's and has been a loyal
supporter of World Harmony Project since it's inception.
Skip LaPlante is
a microtonal instrument builder and Street Musician in New York City.
He is playing one of Denny Genovese's Fipple Pipes in this photo.
Michael Jewel and Denny Genovese - Honolulu, 1976
Michael Jewel is
a Cosmic Poet from Burlington VT. He and Denny collaborated on many
projects, including a weekly TV show, while they both lived in Honolulu. Don
this performance with analog synthesizers, slide guitar and other
instruments, using resonant filters, tape echo and other effects.